The White House asserted the president acted within his legal purview with the executive order.

Seven states have sued the Biden administration this past week over its new requirement that contractors pay their employees a $15 per hour minimum wage.

President Biden announced this initiative shortly after taking office in January 2021, then followed up with an executive order in April, which commenced the rulemaking process. The $15 an hour minimum wage for contracts covered by the executive order started taking effect on Jan. 30. The final rule also eliminates the tipped minimum wage for federal contractors by 2024, ensures workers with disabilities don’t earn a sub-minimum wage and protects outfitters and guides working on federal lands, reversing a policy from the Trump administration.

On Tuesday, Arizona, Idaho, Indiana, Nebraska and South Carolina filed a lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the District of Arizona challenging the wage increase.

“The coalition argues that the contractor minimum wage mandate violates the Procurement Act and the Spending Clause of the U.S. Constitution,” said a press release from Arizona Attorney General Mark Brnovich’s office. “The Biden administration purports that the Procurement Act grants it the authority to implement such a sweeping mandate. However, in reality, Congress passed the act to provide the federal government with an efficient system for procurement amongst its agencies, not give it unrestricted power over the minimum wage.”

The defendants listed are the Labor Department, Labor Department’s Wage and Hour Division, President Biden, Labor Secretary Marty Walsh and acting Administrator of the Wage and Hour Division Jessica Looman.

The second lawsuit was filed on Thursday by Texas, Louisiana and Mississippi in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Texas Victoria Division and has the same defendants as the other one.

“With full awareness of the negative economic impact of artificially raising the minimum wage, and despite his failure to persuade Congress, President Biden chose to ignore the will of our federal legislators and instead forced a raise in the minimum wage through executive fiat,” said the complaint. “Through leveraging the disproportionate bargaining power of the federal government, defendants have decided to coerce federal contractors into abiding by a policy that Congress does not endorse, potentially affecting hundreds of thousands of businesses that employ as much as one-fifth of the entire U.S. labor force.”

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